II

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2

,

 

 

 

1. ( )

 

 

. [1], [4], [18] , , , .

, , , .

? () , , , , . . , . [10].

, , .

 

 

 

2. .

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[6] 500 . , , 200 . , 90 [6].

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, , , . [19]

- , , [6] (, P .)

( 100 40 ) ( , ) , . , , ( ) .

, 25-40 , - , , . - [10, 19, 20] , [10, 21] , 1-5 .

, 15 . , , 3-10 ; - 10-15 .

, , .

" , , !"[19]

, 7000-5000 . 50-70 .

150-250 . , 50 . (.. 20-30% ),

150-250 [19,49]. : 250-300 . , 400-500., 250 . - 70 90 ., - 65-80 ., - 30-50 .[19]

[10], [19 ] [49] , 1500 , , .

[10, 21], [19], [49], [50], [51] , 1500

 

 

()[10,21] [19] [49]

0                                                                                                                                                                                                                 170

1000 265

1500                                                         440-550 440 425

1600 545

1650                                                         465-550 550

1700 610

1750                                                         735-805 720

1800                                                         835-907 952 905

1850                                               1090-1170 1247 1200

1900                                               1608-1710 1656 1630

1920                                                         1811 1811

1930                                                         2020 [50],[51]

1940                                                         2295 2205

1950                                               2416-2515 2550 2501 2525(2527.323)

1955                                                         2752 2750 2772

1960                                                         3019 3020 2986 3060

1965                                                         3336 3380 3288 3379

1970                                                         3698 3700 3610 3727

1975                                                         4080 4100 3967 4075

1980                                                         4450 4450 4374 4430

1983 4700 4660.3(4660.295)

1985                                                         4854 4850

1990                                                         5292 5300 5280

1995                                                         5765 5750

2000         6251 6250 6254

2011 7000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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